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Christian Tractatus

(Text as at 12/08/2007 10:17:46)

I will reserve the term morality for the concern with awarding praise or blame to individual actions or agents consequent on successful or unsuccessful attempts to implement ethical or unethical actions. Hence, I am suggesting that morality is essentially retrospective, as in the case of moral judgements of past actions.

  1. I consider morality as defined above to be both relatively unimportant and to be a deception.
  2. Applying praise or blame to actions is simply a way of enforcing an ethical system by social pressure (or threatened social displeasure) without resorting to physical force. Alternatively, moral blame may be used to provide ethical justification for the use of force. There are a number of responses to such states of affairs:
    • Firstly, moral praise or blame is likely to be based on fuzzy emotions rather than dispassionate judgement or genuine knowledge.
    • Secondly, as in all things competitive, the ultimate ends of ethics are likely to become confused with, or to be replaced by, ancillary matters. What is important in any system of ethics is the encouragement of right action, not the apportionment of social prestige.
    • The possibility of the ethical use of force in the maintenance of a society is discussed below, as is the possibility of a purely individualistic system of ethics, that does not require the maintenance of a society.

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12/08/2007 10:17:46 503 (Non-theistic Ethics - Morality) Non-theistic Ethics - Ethics + Morality

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