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Personal Identity

Brain Criterion

(Text as at 20/09/2022 11:24:00)

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In-Page Footnotes:

Footnote 6:
  1. Hasn’t someone said this? Who? Wiggins?
  2. This is not to be confused with there being no criteria for identity – ie. for the relation itself – which is due to Merricks (eg. in "Merricks (Trenton) - There Are No Criteria For Identity Over Time").
Footnote 8:
  1. And, of course, “X and Y are both persons”, to cover the case where the brain is insufficient to support the property of personhood.
Footnote 15:
  1. Much of this discussion has empirical aspects to it, and depends on the capabilities of real brains – though we might get into the choppy waters of more intricate TEs, and wonder what might be the case if the biology went differently – but then we would most likely not be talking about our identity criteria, but of some other being.
Footnote 17:
  1. These worries about fission are essentially set to rest by adopting a perdurantist account of persistence.
  2. But, some consider the costs (mainly semantic, I think) of adopting this approach are too great.
Footnote 28:


Table of the Previous 7 Versions of this Note:

Date Length Title
11/04/2022 00:01:26 5532 Brain Criterion
07/02/2021 19:46:34 5339 Brain Criterion
04/12/2019 23:36:58 4896 Brain Criterion
14/03/2018 10:07:41 5786 Brain Criterion
03/02/2018 18:44:38 5454 Brain Criterion
14/07/2013 23:02:24 3802 Brain Criterion
25/05/2010 14:58:34 84 Brain Criterion



Note last updated Reading List for this Topic Parent Topic
20/09/2022 11:24:00 Brain Criterion Logic of Identity


Summary of Notes Referenced by This Note

Animalism Animalists Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity) Brain Brain Death
Brain Transplants Commissurotomy Constitution Criteria of Identity Death
Fission Human Beings Human Persons Johnston - Human Beings Note Links Explanation
Numerical Identity Perdurantism Person Plug Note Apologia Psychological View
Snowdon - The Self and Personal Identity Souls Thought Experiments What are We? What Matters
Wiggins Works Read - Explanation      

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Summary of Notes Citing This Note

Baker - Personal Identity Over Time Brain Brain Death General Surveys PID Note, Book & Paper Usage, 2, 3
Snowdon - The Self and Personal Identity Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction) Thesis - Chapter 02 (What are We?), 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It) Thesis - Current Stance
Website Generator Documentation - Functors, 2, 3, 4, 5        

To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.




Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note

Author Title Medium Extra Links Read?
Baker (Lynne Rudder) Personal Identity Over Time Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Clark (Andy) & Kuhn (Robert Lawrence) Aeon: Video - Andy Clark - Virtual immortality Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Garrett (Brian) Criteria of Personal Identity Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2, 3 Yes
Gert (Bernard), Lizza (John), Youngner (Stuart) & Chiong (Winston) Matters of 'Life' and 'Death' Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Hershenov (David) Who Doesn't Have a Problem of Too Many Thinkers? Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Noonan (Harold) An Initial Survey Paper Low Quality Abstract   Yes
Olson (Eric) Animalism and the Remnant-Person Problem Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Olson (Eric) Psychology and Personal Identity Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Olson (Eric) Why We Need Not Accept the Psychological Approach Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Parfit (Derek) Persons, Bodies, and Human Beings Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Potts (Michael) A Requiem for Whole Brain Death: A Response to D. Alan Shewmon's ‘The Brain and Somatic Integration’ Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Snowdon (Paul) Persons, Animals, Ourselves: Introduction Paper High Quality Abstract   Yes
Snowdon (Paul) The Self and Personal Identity Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Thomas (Janice L.) The bodily criterion Paper High Quality Abstract 2, 3, 4 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Brain Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Brain Death Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 01 (Introduction) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 02 (What Are We?) Paper Medium Quality Abstract 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Chapter 07 (The Constitution View and Arguments for It) Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Current Position Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - General Surveys Paper Medium Quality Abstract   Yes



References & Reading List

Author Title Medium Source Read?
Cockburn (David) The Mind, the Brain and the Face Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Philosophy, Vol. 60, No. 234 (Oct., 1985), pp. 477-493 No
Feinberg (Todd) Our Brains, Our Selves Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Daedalus, Vol. 135, No. 4, On Identity (Fall, 2006), pp. 72-80 No
Garrett (Brian) Criteria of Personal Identity Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Garrett - Personal Identity and Self-consciousness, 1998, Chapter 3 Yes
Garrett (Brian) Personal Identity and Self-consciousness Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Gert (Bernard), Lizza (John), Youngner (Stuart) & Chiong (Winston) Matters of 'Life' and 'Death' Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 36, No. 3 (May - Jun., 2006), pp. 4-6 Yes
Hershenov (David) Who Doesn't Have a Problem of Too Many Thinkers? Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract American Philosophical Quarterly, 50:2, April 2013, 203-208 17%
Johnston (Mark) Human Beings Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Journal of Philosophy, Volume 84, Issue 2 (Feb 1987), 59-83 Yes
Manninen (Tuomas) Review of Alva Noe's 'Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain' Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Metapsychology Online Reviews, Sep 15th 2009 (Volume 13, Issue 38) Yes
Merricks (Trenton) There Are No Criteria For Identity Over Time Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Noûs, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Mar., 1998), pp. 106-124 No
Noe (Alva) Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain, and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness Book - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Noe (Alva) - Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain, and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness 8%
Noonan (Harold) An Initial Survey Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Noonan - Personal Identity, 2003, Chapter 1 Yes
Noonan (Harold) Personal Identity Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Olson (Eric) Psychology and Personal Identity Paper - Referencing High Quality Abstract The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 1, pp. 7-21 Yes
Olson (Eric) The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology Book - Referencing (via Paper Referencing) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Olson (Eric) What are We? A Study of Personal Ontology Book - By Subtopic (via Paper By Subtopic) Medium Quality Abstract Olson (Eric) - What are We? A Study of Personal Ontology 68%
Olson (Eric) What Are We? Brains Paper - By Subtopic High Quality Abstract What Are We? A Study in Personal Ontology, Chapter 4 (November 2007: Oxford University Press.) 33%
Olson (Eric) Why We Need Not Accept the Psychological Approach Paper - Referencing Medium Quality Abstract The Human Animal, September 1999, Chapter 3, pp. 42-72 Yes
Parfit (Derek) Nagel's Brain Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Parfit - Reasons and Persons, Appendix D Yes
Parfit (Derek) Reasons and Persons Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Low Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Shand (John) Central Issues of Philosophy Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 35%
Snowdon (Paul) Persons, Animals, Ourselves Book - Referencing (via Paper Referencing) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied 21%
Snowdon (Paul) Persons, Animals, Ourselves: Introduction Paper - Referencing High Quality Abstract Snowdon (Paul) - Persons, Animals, Ourselves - Introduction Yes
Snowdon (Paul) The Self and Personal Identity Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Shand (John) - Central Issues of Philosophy, Chapter 9 Yes
Thomas (Janice L.) Mind and Person in the Philosophy of Religion Book - Cited (via Paper Cited) Medium Quality Abstract Bibliographical details to be supplied Yes
Thomas (Janice L.) The bodily criterion Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Thomas (Janice L.) - Mind and Person in the Philosophy of Religion Yes
Todman (Theo) Thesis - Brain Criterion Paper - By Subtopic Medium Quality Abstract   Yes



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