<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Animadversions - The Future of Philosophy (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Animadversions</h2><h3>The Future of Philosophy</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 21/04/2018 18:44:38)<br><br>(For earlier versions of this Note, <a href="#TableOfPreviousVersions">see the table at the end</a>)</p><hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century</B>. A Symposium hosted by the <I>Institute of Philosophy  School of Advanced Study</I> marking the 40th anniversary of the founding of the journal <I>Metaphilosophy</I>, held on Friday 11 December 2009. Follow <a name="W19W"></a><A HREF = "http://www.philosophy.sas.ac.uk/Metaphilosophy.htm" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> (Defunct) for the event flyer, and <a name="W20W"></a><A HREF = "http://backdoorbroadcasting.net/2009/12/the-future-of-philosophy-metaphilosophical-directions-for-the-21st-century/" TARGET = "_top">Link</A> for the podcast. <BR><BR>Currently, there s no original comment by me. Eventually I hope to listen to the talks in detail and make comment. <ol type="1"><li><B>Terrell Ward Bynum</B> (Southern Connecticut State): <I>Two Philosophers of the Information Age</I><BR>Previous scientific and technological revolutions changed our understanding of human nature, the nature of society, and the nature of the universe. The impact upon philosophy was profound. It is not surprising, therefore, that today s Information Revolution promises to have major philosophical implications. Physicists have recently argued, for example, that the universe is made of information and that human beings are exquisitely complex information objects. In addition new kinds of decision-making agents  such as, robots, softbots, and artificial companions  now can be found in homes, schools, hospitals, workplaces, entertainment centers. Instead of being utterly different from human beings, many computerized devices can be viewed as entities very much like ourselves  fellow information objects journeying together through an informational world. This radically different understanding of human nature and our role in the universe offers exciting, powerful  and to some people, threatening  answers to some of the deepest questions of philosophy and psychology: Who am I? <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">What am I</A><SUP>1</SUP>? What does it mean to be? What is my place in the universe? The result is sure to be a worldwide and decades-long philosophical conversation. This presentation is a small part of that conversation  one that briefly discusses just two of the growing number of  philosophers of the Information Age : Norbert Wiener and Luciano Floridi. This presentation will briefly compare their views on human nature, artificial agents, the nature of society, and the nature of the universe.<BR>See <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15968.htm">Bynum (Terrell Ward) - Two Philosophers of the Information Age</A>".</li><li><B> Timothy Williamson </B> (Oxford): <I>Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof</I><BR> Experimental philosophers criticize the use of thought experiments in philosophy on the basis of evidence that verdicts on them varies with factors independent of the truth. However, their data concern the verdicts of philosophically untrained subjects. According to the expertise defence, what matters are the verdicts of trained philosophers, who are more likely to pay careful attention to the details of the scenario and track their relevance. In a recent paper, Jonathan Weinberg and others reply to the expertise defence that there is no evidence for such expertise. I reply to them in this paper, arguing that they have misconstrued the dialectical situation. Since they have produced no evidence that philosophical training is less efficacious for thought experimentation than for other cognitive tasks for which they acknowledge that it produces genuine expertise, such as informal argumentation, they have produced no evidence for treating the former more sceptically than the latter.<BR>See <a name="3"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16120.htm">Williamson (Timothy) - Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof</A>".</li><li><B>Philip Kitcher </B>(Columbia): <I>Philosophy Inside Out</I><BR>In 1920, John Dewey argued for  Reconstruction in Philosophy , claiming that philosophical discussions had become detached from contemporary human problems and were  a sentimental indulgence for a few . Dewey s challenge is as pertinent today as it was then. I shall suggest that some of his own works provide guidance for rethinking the philosophical agenda. In this light, the principal points of philosophical growth are seen as areas often viewed as peripheral, while the supposedly  core questions are relevant only insofar as they enable people to cope with the issues of primary concern. Philosophy is not only reconstructed, but also turned inside out.<BR>See <a name="4"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16173.htm">Kitcher (Philip) - Philosophy Inside Out</A>".</li><li><B>David Papineau</B> (King s College London): <I>The Importance of Philosophical Intuition</I><BR>I shall argue that intuitions about hypothetical cases play a central role in philosophical theorising. They help us to identify deep-seated principles that direct our thinking. These principles can be untrustworthy but even then they are methodologically important. I shall illustrate my points with illustrations from recent debates in the philosophy of mind.<BR>See <a name="5"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16121.htm">Papineau (David) - The Importance of Philosophical Intuition</A>".</li><li><B>Panel</B>: <I>The Future of Philosophy: Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century</I> <BR>Chair: <B>Armen T. Marsoobian</B> (Editor in Chief, <I>Metaphilosophy</I>)<BR>See <a name="6"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16174.htm">Marsoobian (Armen T.) - The Future of Philosophy: Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century</A>".</li></ol></P> <br><hr><h3 class = "Left">Printable Versions:</h3> <UL><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_920_0_P_R.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 0 (with reading list), and </li><li>Follow (<A Href="Notes_Print/NotesPrint_920_1_P.htm" TARGET = "_top">this link</A>) for level 1.</li></UL> <a name="TableOfPreviousVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Table of the Previous 7 Versions of this Note:</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">18/12/2010 19:58:05</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">4676</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_920_40530832.htm">The Future of Philosophy</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">19/06/2010 21:21:36</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">4629</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_920_40348890.htm">The Future of Philosophy</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">19/06/2010 21:05:46</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">4700</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_920_40348879.htm">The Future of Philosophy</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">19/06/2010 20:31:12</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">4259</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_920_40348855.htm">The Future of Philosophy</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">19/06/2010 20:25:26</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">3715</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_920_40348851.htm">The Future of Philosophy</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">19/06/2010 20:16:48</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">1838</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_920_40348845.htm">The Future of Philosophy</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">19/06/2010 20:11:02</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">1787</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_920_40348841.htm">The Future of Philosophy  Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century</A></TD></TR> </TABLE> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">Note last updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="25%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">21/04/2018 18:44:38</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%">None available</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%">None</TD></TR> </TABLE></center> <hr><h3>Summary of Note Links from this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <td bgcolor="#e6ecff" WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm"><span title="Plug Note - With Reading List">What are We?</span></A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above.</P> <br><hr><br><CENTER> <h3>Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=950> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Author</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Title</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B><B>Medium</B></B></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Extra Links</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"><B><B>Read?</B></B></TD> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bynum (Terrell Ward)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Two Philosophers of the Information Age</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15968.htm#2">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kitcher (Philip)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophy Inside Out</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16173.htm#1">Paper</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title="Low Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Papineau (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Importance of Philosophical Intuition</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16121.htm#1">Paper</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title="High Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Williamson (Timothy)</TD> <TD WIDTH="45%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof</TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16120.htm#3">Paper</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title="Medium Quality"></TD> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE></center> <CENTER> <br><hr><br><h3>References & Reading List</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=950> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Author</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Title</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Medium</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft"><B>Source</B></TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter"><B>Read?</B></TD> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bynum (Terrell Ward)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Two Philosophers of the Information Age</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15968.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Bynum (Terrell Ward)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Two Philosophers of the Information Age</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15968.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kitcher (Philip)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophy Inside Out</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16173.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Kitcher (Philip)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophy Inside Out</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16173.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../cancel.png"alt="Low Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Marsoobian (Armen T.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Future of Philosophy: Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16174.htm">Paper - Cited</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Marsoobian (Armen T.)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Future of Philosophy: Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16174.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Papineau (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Importance of Philosophical Intuition</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16121.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Papineau (David)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">The Importance of Philosophical Intuition</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16121.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../accept.png"alt="High Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">Yes</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Williamson (Timothy)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16120.htm">Paper - Cited</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="15%" class = "BridgeLeft">Williamson (Timothy)</TD> <TD WIDTH="25%" class = "BridgeLeft">Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF="../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16120.htm">Paper - Referencing</A> <img src="../../asterisk_yellow.png"alt="Medium Quality Abstract" Title=""></TD> <TD WIDTH="35%" class = "BridgeLeft">Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009</TD> <TD WIDTH="5%" class = "BridgeCenter">No</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><br><hr><br><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3><OL TYPE="1"><li><FONT COLOR = "000000">Black</FONT>: Printable Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><li><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL><BR> <center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - 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