Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages


Animadversions

The Future of Philosophy

(Text as at 18/12/2010 19:58:05)

(For earlier versions of this Note, see the table at the end)


Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century. A Symposium hosted by the Institute of Philosophy – School of Advanced Study marking the 40th anniversary of the founding of the journal Metaphilosophy, held on Friday 11 December 2009. Follow Web Link (http://www.philosophy.sas.ac.uk/Metaphilosophy.htm) Defunct for the event flyer, and Web Link for the podcast.

Currently, there’s no original comment by me. Eventually I hope to listen to the talks in detail and make comment.

  1. Terrell Ward Bynum (Southern Connecticut State): Two Philosophers of the Information Age
    Previous scientific and technological revolutions changed our understanding of human nature, the nature of society, and the nature of the universe. The impact upon philosophy was profound. It is not surprising, therefore, that today’s Information Revolution promises to have major philosophical implications. Physicists have recently argued, for example, that the universe is made of information and that human beings are exquisitely complex information objects. In addition new kinds of decision-making agents – such as, robots, softbots, and artificial companions – now can be found in homes, schools, hospitals, workplaces, entertainment centers. Instead of being utterly different from human beings, many computerized devices can be viewed as entities very much like ourselves – fellow information objects journeying together through an informational world. This radically different understanding of human nature and our role in the universe offers exciting, powerful – and to some people, threatening – answers to some of the deepest questions of philosophy and psychology: Who am I? What am I? What does it mean to be? What is my place in the universe? The result is sure to be a worldwide and decades-long philosophical conversation. This presentation is a small part of that conversation – one that briefly discusses just two of the growing number of “philosophers of the Information Age”: Norbert Wiener and Luciano Floridi. This presentation will briefly compare their views on human nature, artificial agents, the nature of society, and the nature of the universe.
    See "Bynum (Terrell Ward) - Two Philosophers of the Information Age".
  2. Timothy Williamson (Oxford): Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof
    ‘Experimental philosophers’ criticize the use of thought experiments in philosophy on the basis of evidence that verdicts on them varies with factors independent of the truth. However, their data concern the verdicts of philosophically untrained subjects. According to the expertise defence, what matters are the verdicts of trained philosophers, who are more likely to pay careful attention to the details of the scenario and track their relevance. In a recent paper, Jonathan Weinberg and others reply to the expertise defence that there is no evidence for such expertise. I reply to them in this paper, arguing that they have misconstrued the dialectical situation. Since they have produced no evidence that philosophical training is less efficacious for thought experimentation than for other cognitive tasks for which they acknowledge that it produces genuine expertise, such as informal argumentation, they have produced no evidence for treating the former more sceptically than the latter.
    See "Williamson (Timothy) - Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof".
  3. Philip Kitcher (Columbia): Philosophy Inside Out
    In 1920, John Dewey argued for “Reconstruction in Philosophy”, claiming that philosophical discussions had become detached from contemporary human problems and were “a sentimental indulgence for a few”. Dewey’s challenge is as pertinent today as it was then. I shall suggest that some of his own works provide guidance for rethinking the philosophical agenda. In this light, the principal points of philosophical growth are seen as areas often viewed as peripheral, while the supposedly “core questions” are relevant only insofar as they enable people to cope with the issues of primary concern. Philosophy is not only reconstructed, but also turned inside out.
    See "Kitcher (Philip) - Philosophy Inside Out".
  4. David Papineau (King’s College London): The Importance of Philosophical Intuition
    I shall argue that intuitions about hypothetical cases play a central role in philosophical theorising. They help us to identify deep-seated principles that direct our thinking. These principles can be untrustworthy but even then they are methodologically important. I shall illustrate my points with illustrations from recent debates in the philosophy of mind.
    See "Papineau (David) - The Importance of Philosophical Intuition".
  5. Panel: The Future of Philosophy: Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century
    Chair: Armen T. Marsoobian (Editor in Chief, Metaphilosophy)
    See "Marsoobian (Armen T.) - The Future of Philosophy: Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century".



Printable Versions:



Table of the Previous 6 Versions of this Note:

Date Length Title
19/06/2010 21:21:36 4838 The Future of Philosophy
19/06/2010 21:05:46 4909 The Future of Philosophy
19/06/2010 20:31:12 4396 The Future of Philosophy
19/06/2010 20:25:26 3852 The Future of Philosophy
19/06/2010 20:16:48 1840 The Future of Philosophy
19/06/2010 20:11:02 1789 The Future of Philosophy – Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century



Note last updated Reading List for this Topic Parent Topic
18/12/2010 19:58:05 None available None



Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note

Author Title Medium Extra Links Read?
Bynum (Terrell Ward) Two Philosophers of the Information Age Paper Medium Quality Abstract    
Kitcher (Philip) Philosophy Inside Out Paper Low Quality Abstract    
Papineau (David) The Importance of Philosophical Intuition Paper High Quality Abstract    
Williamson (Timothy) Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof Paper Medium Quality Abstract    



References & Reading List

Author Title Medium Source Read?
Bynum (Terrell Ward) Two Philosophers of the Information Age Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009 No
Kitcher (Philip) Philosophy Inside Out Paper - Cited Low Quality Abstract Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009 No
Marsoobian (Armen T.) The Future of Philosophy: Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century Paper - Cited Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009 No
Papineau (David) The Importance of Philosophical Intuition Paper - Cited High Quality Abstract Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009 No
Williamson (Timothy) Philosophical Expertise and the Burden of Proof Paper - Cited Medium Quality Abstract Backdoor Broadcasting Company; Metaphilosophical Directions for the 21st Century - 11 December 2009 No



Text Colour Conventions

  1. Black: Printable Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2017
  2. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2017




© Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2017.Please address any comments on this page to theo@theotodman.com.File output:
Website Maintenance Dashboard
Return to Top of this PageReturn to Theo Todman's Philosophy PageReturn to Theo Todman's Home Page