<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /> <title>Note: Personal Identity - Transhumanism (Theo Todman's Web Page)</title> </head><body> <a name="Top"></a> <h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Notes Pages</h1><hr><h2>Personal Identity</h2><h3>Transhumanism</h3><p class = "Centered">(Text as at 02/07/2017 10:36:29)<br><br>(For other versions of this Note, see the <a href="#LiveVersion">tables at the end</a>)</p><hr> <P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_939_1">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_939_1"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>Transhumanism is the thesis that we human beings can  in principle at least  transcend our animal nature and escape or at least augment  in whole or part  our animal bodies. </li><li>The movement hopes to extend our lifespans  either considerably or indefinitely. </li><li>One particular strand of this hope is to escape our mortal bodies altogether by  uploading ourselves to a digital computer. </li><li>I m very doubtful about the possibility  practical or theoretical  of most of these aims, as well as their desirability. However, while this topic is on the borders of sci-fi, it is a challenge to <a name="1"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_24_40043861.htm">animalism</A><SUP>2</SUP> in that it presupposes that  we can transcend our biological origins in some way or other.</li><li>The premier transhumanist of my acquaintance is <a name="59"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/B/Author_Bostrom (Nick).htm">Nick Bostrom</A>. He has also argued that we might be (and indeed probably are) living in a computer simulation. See:- <BR>&rarr; <a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6319.htm">Bostrom (Nick) - Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?</A>", <BR>&rarr; <a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6318.htm">Weatherson (Brian) - Are You a Sim?</A>", and <BR>&rarr; <a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6321.htm">Bostrom (Nick) - The Simulation Argument: Reply to Weatherson</A>".</li><li>A light-hearted introduction to the ideas and personalities is <BR>&rarr; <a name="53"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6513.htm">O'Connell (Mark) - To be a Machine</A>", </li><li>And the main text for this topic is:-<BR>&rarr; <a name="54"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6339.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - The Transhumanist Reader</A>". <BR>It s probably best to start with the Introductions to the book s nie Parts:-<BR>&rarr; <a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20798.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Roots and Core Themes - Introduction</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="12"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20803.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Human Enhancement: The Somatic Sphere - Introduction</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="13"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20804.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Human Enhancement: The Cognitive Sphere - Introduction</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20805.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Core Technologies - Introduction</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="15"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20806.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Engines of Life: Identity and Beyond Death - Introduction</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20807.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Enhanced Decision-Making - Introduction</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="17"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20808.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Biopolitics and Policy - Introduction</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="18"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20809.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: Future Trajectories: Singularity - Introduction</A>", and<BR>&rarr; <a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20810.htm">More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - Transhumanism: The World's Most Dangerous Idea - Introduction</A>".<BR>While the whole book is interesting, the other papers  from a quick look  that are most germane to my Thesis are:-<BR>&rarr; <a name="20"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20813.htm">Bostrom (Nick) - Why I Want to be a Posthuman When I Grow Up</A>", <BR>&rarr; <a name="21"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20847.htm">Brin (David), Broderick (Damien), Bostrom (Nick), Chislenko (Alexander), Hanson (Robin), More (Max), Nielsen (Michael) & Sandberg (Anders) - A Critical Discussion of Vinge's Singularity Concept</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="22"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20849.htm">Broderick (Damien) - Trans and Post</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="23"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20821.htm">Clark (Andy) - Re-Inventing Ourselves: The Plasticity of Embodiment, Sensing, and Mind</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="24"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20822.htm">Goertzel (Ben) - Artificial General Intelligence and the Future of Humanity</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="25"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20828.htm">Hall (J. Storrs) - Nanocomputers</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="26"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20833.htm">Hughes (James) - Transhumanism and Personal Identity</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="27"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20824.htm">Koene (Randal A.) - Uploading to Substrate-Independent Minds</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="28"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20830.htm">Kurzweil (Ray) & Drexler (K. Eric) - Dialogue between Ray Kurzweil and Eric Drexler</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="29"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20825.htm">Merkle (Ralph C.) - Uploading</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="30"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20827.htm">Moravec (Hans) - Pigs in Cyberspace</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="31"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20851.htm">More (Max) - A Letter to Mother Nature</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="32"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20811.htm">More (Max) - The Philosophy of Transhumanism</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="33"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20834.htm">Prisco (Giulio) - Transcendent Engineering</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="34"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20829.htm">Rose (Michael R.) - Immortalist Fictions and Strategies</A>",<BR>&rarr; <a name="35"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20846.htm">Sandberg (Anders) - An Overview of Models of Technological Singularity</A>", and<BR>&rarr; <a name="36"></a>"<A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20845.htm">Vinge (Vernor) - Technological Singularity</A>".</li><li>This topic connects to a number of related items:- <ol type="1"><li><a name="2"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_51_42835985.htm">Androids</A><SUP>3</SUP>,</li><li><a name="3"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_11/Notes_1176_42835985.htm">Chimera</A><SUP>4</SUP>, </li><li><a name="4"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_66_40530832.htm">Cyborgs</A><SUP>5</SUP>,</li><li><a name="5"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_11/Notes_1164_42465972.htm">Non-Human Persons</A><SUP>6</SUP></li><li>Superintelligence<BR>&rarr; see <a name="55"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6362.htm">Bostrom (Nick) - Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies</A>"</li><li>The Singularity<BR>&rarr; <a name="37"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21672.htm">Chalmers (David) - The singularity: A philosophical analysis</A>"</li><li><a name="6"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_0/Notes_46_40530832.htm">Teletransportation</A><SUP>7</SUP>, </li></ol>&rarr; and maybe others & </li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="38"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20727.htm">Agar (Nicholas) - Enhancing Humananity</A>", Agar</li><li><a name="39"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20995.htm">Agar (Nicholas) - Whereto Transhumanism?: The Literature Reaches a Critical Mass</A>", Agar</li><li><a name="40"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22108.htm">Andersen (Ross) - Omens</A>", Anderson</li><li><a name="41"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21651.htm">Cerullo (Michael A.) - Uploading and Branching Identity</A>", Cerullo</li><li><a name="42"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22309.htm">Chatfield (Tom) - Automated ethics</A>", Chatfield</li><li><a name="56"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5744.htm">Christian (Brian) - The Most Human Human: A Defence of Humanity in the Age of the Computer</A>", Christian</li><li><a name="57"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6364.htm">Dainton (Barry) - Self: Philosophy In Transit</A>", Dainton</li><li><a name="43"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22322.htm">Deutsch (David) - Creative blocks</A>", Deutsch</li><li><a name="44"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22232.htm">Graziano (Michael) - Endless fun</A>", Graziano</li><li><a name="45"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16893.htm">Grossman (Lev), Kurzweil (Ray) - 2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal</A>", Grossman</li><li><a name="46"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21671.htm">Hayworth (Kenneth) - Killed by bad philosophy:Why brain preservation followed by mind uploading is a cure for death</A>", Hayworth</li><li><a name="58"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_04/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_4136.htm">Kurzweil (Ray) - The Age of Spiritual Machines</A>", Kurzweil<BR>&rarr; <a name="47"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17003.htm">Searle (John) -  I Married a Computer : An Exchange (between Ray Kurzweil and John Searle)</A>", Searle<BR>&rarr; <a name="48"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_17/Abstract_17002.htm">Kurzweil (Ray) -  I Married a Computer : An Exchange (between Ray Kurzweil and John Searle)</A>", Kurzweil</li><li><a name="49"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22174.htm">Medlock (Ben) - The body is the missing link for truly intelligent machines</A>", Medlock</li><li><a name="50"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21126.htm">Oderberg (David) - Could There Be a Superhuman Species?</A>", Oderberg</li><li><a name="51"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22240.htm">Price (Huw) - Now it s time to prepare for the Machinocene</A>", Price</li><li><a name="52"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21673.htm">Sandberg (Anders) & Bostrom (Nick) - Whole Brain Emulation: A Roadmap</A>", Sandberg+Bostrom </li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="7"></a><A HREF = "../Notes_7/Notes_737_39396554.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>8</SUP>. Currently, just see the categorised reading-list. </li></ul></P> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><BR><HR><h3 class = "Left">In-Page Footnotes</h3><a name="On-Page_Link_939_1"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_939_1"><B>Footnote 1</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><BR> <a name="LiveVersion"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Live Version of this Archived Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">17/08/2018 17:35:31</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">5081</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_939.htm">Transhumanism</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></CENTER> <a name="TableOfPreviousVersions"></a><BR><HR><h3 class= "Left">Earlier Version of this Note</h3> <TABLE class = "ReadingList" WIDTH=700> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" class = "BridgeCenter"><strong>Date</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="10%" class = "BridgeRight"><strong>Length</strong></TD> <TD WIDTH="70%" class = "BridgeLeft"><strong>Title</strong></TD></TR> <TR><TD class = "BridgeCenter">18/12/2010 19:58:05</TD> <TD class = "BridgeRight">518</TD> <TD class = "BridgeLeft"><A HREF = "Notes_939_40530832.htm">Transhumanism</A></TD></TR> </TABLE></CENTER> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR> <TH WIDTH="25%">This version updated</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Reading List for this Topic</TH> <TH WIDTH="50%">Parent Topic</TH></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="25%">02/07/2017 10:36:29</TD> <TD WIDTH="50%"><A HREF = "../../PaperCatalogIdentityFullSubTopic_598.htm" TARGET = "_top">Transhumanism</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="25%"><A href ="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">Thought Experiments</A></TD></TR> </TABLE><br><hr><br> <h3>Summary of Notes Links from this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_51_42835985.htm">Androids</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24_40043861.htm">Animalism</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737_39396554.htm">Awaiting Attention (Personal Identity)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1176_42835985.htm">Chimera</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_66_40530832.htm">Cyborgs</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1164_42465972.htm">Non-Human Persons</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_46_40530832.htm">Teletransportation</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">.</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above (if any).</P> <BR><HR><BR><h3>Summary of Note Links to this Page</h3> <CENTER> <TABLE Class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1012_43261018.htm#4">Animation</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_48_43134781.htm#9">Brain State Transfer</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_48_43173610.htm#9">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1176_43176016.htm#2">Chimera</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1244_42978816.htm#7">Computers</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1244_43275689.htm#7">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_66_43139913.htm#5">Cyborgs</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_66_43224518.htm#5">2</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_870_43140920.htm#3">Degrees of Personhood</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_979_43160993.htm#4">Immortality</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_979_43160993.htm#8">2</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_979_43160993.htm#13">3</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1264_43188878.htm#1">Information</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978_43244836.htm#5">Life After Death</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1164_43166937.htm#9">Non-Human Persons</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_97_43161746.htm#4">Resurrection</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_518_43105008.htm#9">Status: Personal Identity (2017 - December)</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_518_43105008.htm#19">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_518_42936607.htm#4">Status: Personal Identity (2017 - June)</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_518_42936607.htm#11">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_518_43017976.htm#18">Status: Personal Identity (2017 - September)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_518_43195450.htm#14">Status: Personal Identity (2018 - March)</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_512_43105008.htm#22">Status: Summary (2017 - December)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_512_42936607.htm#21">Status: Summary (2017 - June)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_512_43017976.htm#22">Status: Summary (2017 - September)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_5/Notes_512_43195450.htm#22">Status: Summary (2018 - March)</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_7_43009748.htm#15">Thesis - Current Stance</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_7_43105008.htm#22">2</A></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD WIDTH="20%"><A href = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1246_42978816.htm#1">Uploading</A>, <A href = "../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1246_43224518.htm#1">2</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> <TD WIDTH="20%">&nbsp;</TD> </TR> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P class = "Centered">To access information, click on one of the links in the table above (if any).</P> <BR><HR><BR> <a name="ColourConventions"></a><h3 class = "Left">Text Colour Conventions</h3></center><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL><BR> <center><center><BR><HR><BR><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950><TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD><TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD><TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-17T19:25" pubdate>17/08/2018 19:25:18</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD><TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD></TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR></BODY></HTML>